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Tuesday, June 25, 2013

USEFUL WORDS FOR ESSAY WRITING SPM


To indicate more information

  • Besides - Making an additional point; anyway
  • Furthermore
  • In addition
  • Moreover
  • Likewise
  • Indeed – In truth
  • In fact
  • Also
  • As well
  • Foremost - Ranking above all others; Preceding all others in spatial position
  • First, Second, Third, Finally
  • Firstly, Secondly, Thirdly


To indicate an example

  • For example
  • For instance
  • In particular
  • Particularly - Specifically or especially distinguished from others
  • Specifically
  • To illustrate
  • To demonstrate


To indicate a cause or reason

  • Since
  • Because
  • Because of
  • Due to
  • For
  • For the reason that
  • As
  • Inasmuch as - Since
  • Whereby - As a result of which, By which, "the means whereby we achieved our goal"


To indicate a result or an effect

  • Accordingly - because of the reason given
  • Consequently
  • Hence
  • So
  • Therefore
  • Thus
  • Thusly - In the way indicated
  • Thence - From that fact or reason or as a result
  • Therefrom - From that circumstance or source
  • Thereof - Of or concerning this or that, From that circumstance or source
  • Corollary - A practical consequence that follows naturally, "blind jealousy is a frequent corollary of passionate love"


To conclude

  • For the aforementioned reasons
  • For the aforementioned reasons, there is no doubt that
  • To sum up the foregoing,
  • Given these facts
  • In conclusion
  • In closing
  • To conclude


To express an opinion

  • In all due fairness
  • With good judgment, (one/we may)


To describe or make

  • vivid
  • portray
  • depict
  • exhibit
  • illustrate
  • expose
  • present
  • paint a portrait
  • limn - Trace the shape of, make a portrait of
  • delineate
  • represent
  • demonstrate
  • constitute - Form or compose
  • embodied - (adj) Expressed by
  • embody - (v) Represent or express in tangible form
  • embodiment


To prove

  • manifest - Provide evidence for; stand as proof of
  • attest - Provide evidence for
  • testify - Provide evidence for
  • certify - Provide evidence for
  • endorse, indorse - Give support or one's approval to
  • shew - Establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment
  • establish
  • instance - (v) Clarify by giving an example of
  • exemplify - (v) Clarify by giving an example of


To compare or contrast

  • Whereas
  • In comparison
  • In contrast
  • However
  • Although
  • On the other hand
  • Likewise
  • Similarly
  • But
  • Yet
  • Withal - Despite anything to the contrary (usually following a concession)
  • Withal - Together with this
  • Nevertheless - Despite anything to the contrary
  • Nonetheless - Despite anything to the contrary
  • Notwithstanding - Despite anything to the contrary
  • Even so - Despite anything to the contrary
  • All the same - Despite anything to the contrary


To indicate time

  • After
  • Before
  • Currently
  • During
  • Eventually
  • Finally
  • First, Second, etc.
  • Formerly
  • Immediately
  • Initially
  • Lastly
  • Later
  • Meanwhile
  • Next
  • Once
  • Previously
  • Simultaneously
  • Soon
  • Subsequently
  • Subsequent - Following in time and order
  • Hitherto, Heretofore - Used in negative statement to describe a situation that has existed up to this point or up to the present time, “The sun hasn’t rose hitherto.”
  • In due time
  • Henceforth


To indicate certainty

  • Truly
  • Sincerely
  • Genuinely
  • Surely
  • Rightfully
  • Absolutely
  • Indubitably
  • Certainly
  • Without doubt
  • Needless to say


To indicate doubt

  • Most likely
  • More likely
  • Possibly
  • Probably
  • Dubitable - Open to doubt or suspicion
  • Dubious - Distressed with uncertainty or doubt


To summarize

  • Overall
  • To summarize
  • In summary
  • To sum up
  • Paraphrased
  • Briefly
  • In brief
  • Summing up
  • To put it briefly
  • prĂ©cis - A sketchy summary, Make a summary (of)
  • synopsis - A sketchy summary
  • apercu - A short synopsis


To provide a condition

  • provision, proviso - A stipulated condition
  • stipulate - Specify as a condition or requirement in a contract
  • given
  • if
  • whether
  • whenever
  • when
  • while


To express positive words

  • magnificent
  • grandeur - The quality of being magnificent or splendid or grand, the quality of being exalted in character or ideals or conduct
  • magnanimous - The quality of being exalted in character or ideals or conduct
  • fantastic
  • fantastical
  • phenomenal
  • wonderful
  • extraordinary
  • marvelous
  • superb
  • good
  • fine
  • great
  • avid - Emotionally desirable
  • avid ambition to succeed
  • excellent
  • spectacular
  • prodigious
  • grand
  • brilliant
  • glorious - Bringing great happiness and thankfulness
  • illustrious - Widely known and esteemed
  • notable - Worthy of notice
  • respected
  • impressive
  • splendid
  • splendiferous - Having great beauty and splendor
  • resplendent - Having great beauty and splendor, Richly and brilliantly colorful
  • flamboyant - Elaborately or excessively ornamented, Richly and brilliantly colorful
  • redoubtable - Having or worthy of pride
  • formidable - Extremely impressive in strength or excellence
  • prowess
  • superior
  • terrific
  • tremendous
  • wondrous - Extraordinarily good
  • wonderful
  • sublime - Inspiring awe, Lifted up or set high
  • flair - natural talent
  • knack - A special way of doing something
  • outshine - Attract more attention and praise than others
  • paramount - Having superior power and influence
  • predominant
  • preponderating
  • prevailing


To intensify

  • incredibly
  • exceedingly
  • toppingly - extremely well
  • extremely
  • extraordinarily
  • truly
  • really
  • very
  • utterly - Completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers, With sublimity; in a sublime manner
  • absolutely
  • perfectly
  • sublimely
  • dramatically
  • sheer - (adj.) Complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as an intensifier; (adv.) Directly "he fell sheer into the water"


Said

  • enounced, enunciated - Speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way
  • pronounced - Speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way
  • articulated - Express or state clearly
  • vocalized - Express or state clearly
  • posited - Put firmly
  • stated
  • expressed
  • reported
  • alleged - Declared but not proved
  • averred - Report or maintain, To declare or affirm in a grave manner and formally as true
  • affirmed, asserted
  • wrote
  • composed
  • indited - Produce a literary work
  • penned - Produce a literary work
  • spelt - Indicate or signify
  • voiced, sounded - Give voice to
  • demean - Reduce in worth or character, usually verbally


Noted (said)

  • remarked
  • denoted - Be a sign or indication of, "Her smile denoted that she agreed"
  • observed
  • commented
  • mentioned
  • referred
  • announced
  • noticed


Precisely

  • explicitly
  • accurately
  • expressly
  • exactly
  • incisively

Numerous
  • innumerable
  • many
  • various
  • several
  • diverse
  • umpteen
  • umteen
  • myriad (noun and adj.)


Praise

  • extol - (v) Praise, glorify, or honor
  • exalt
  • glorify
  • laud
  • proclaim
  • revere
  • idolize
  • worship
  • venerate

Useful linking words and phrases that can be used at the start of new paragraphs:
A contrary explanation is that, …
Although, …
As a consequence, …
As a result, …
As we have seen, …
At the same time, …
Accordingly, …
An equally significant aspect of…
Another, significant factor in…
Before considering X it is important to note Y
By the same token, …
But we should also consider, …
Despite these criticisms, …it’s popularity remains high.
Certainly, there is no shortage of disagreement within…
Consequently, …
Correspondingly, …
Conversely, …
Despite this, …
Despite these criticisms, … the popularity of X remains largely undiminished.
Each of these theoretical positions make an important contribution to our understanding of, …
Evidence for in support of this position, can be found in…,
Evidently,
For this reason, …
For these reasons, …
Furthermore, …
Given, the current high profile debate with regard to, …it is quite surprising that …
Given, the advantages of … outlined in the previous paragraph, …it is quite predictable that …
However, …
Having considered X, it is also reasonable to look at …
Hence, …
In addition to, …
In contrast, …
In this way, …
In this manner, …
In the final analysis, …
In short, …
Indeed, …
It can be seen from the above analysis that, …
It could also be said that, …
It is however, important to note the limitations of…
It is important however not to assume the applicability of, …in all cases.
It is important however not to overemphasis the strengths of …
In the face of such criticism, proponents of, …have responded in a number of ways.
Moreover, …
Notwithstanding such criticism, ….it’s popularity remains largely undiminished.
Notwithstanding these limitations, ….it worth remains in a number of situations.
Noting the compelling nature of this new evidence, …has suggested that.
Nevertheless, …remains a growing problem.
Nonetheless, the number of, …has continued to expand at an exponential rate.
Despite these criticisms, …it’s popularity remains high.
On the other hand, critics of, …point to its blindness, with respect to.
Of central concern therefore to, …sociologists is explaining how societal processes and institutions…
Proponents of…, have also suggested that…
Subsequently, …
Similarly, …
The sentiment expressed in the quotation, embodies the view that, …
This interpretation of, … has not been without it’s detractors however.
This approach is similar to the, …. position
This critique, unfortunately, implies a singular cause of, …
This point is also sustained by the work of, …
Thirdly, …
This counter argument is supported by evidence from, …
The use of the term, …
Therefore, …
There appears then to be an acceleration in the growth of
There is also, however, a further point to be considered.
These technological developments have greatly increased the growth in, …
Thus, …
To be able to understand, …
Undoubtedly, …



…………………………………………………………………………
Useful phrases that can be used at the start of an introductory paragraph:
- This essay will analyse …
- This essay in addressing the advantages and disadvantages of, … will focus upon, …
- In examining the issue of, … this essay with address the following issues.
- This essay will critically examine the question, …
- This essay focuses upon the issue of, …
- The question of, … is directly relevant to …



- At least 5 – 8 sentences –


Vexed (vexations), perplexed, puzzled, worry about, absent-minded, upset, tense, depressed, distraught, blank mind, short-minded, broad-minded, quietened my mind, my mind tossed like a tempestuous sea, mentally disturbed, retarded, insane, a mad cap, unmindful of, nervous, irritated, irascible
self-centered, egoistic, egocentric, respond, tyrranical attitude, usurper, vilainous, vilainy, debased person, baseless person, unscrupulous person, swindler, fraudulent person, upright

playful, mindful, indifferent, ironical, sarcastic, bitter, gloomy, aloof, attentive, obsequous, servile, dispassionate, moody, amiable



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